This cigar guide is merely to give you a very short overview of cigars as a whole. To truly grasp cigars and understand them more, I would encourage you to do a more thorough study. Start from the beginning (the seed) and go to the storage and humidification process of cigars.
RING SIZE and LENGTH
Length and ring size are two different ways to make the flavor in a cigar more intense or more subtle by making a cigar burn quicker or longer. Just as a cold coffee is less intense then a hot coffee, the same applies to cigars.
The length of a cigar is measured in inches. When you light up a longer cigar, the heat is much farther away from your mouth as to opposed to a shorter cigar. The length helps the flavor profile heat up faster or slower resulting in a way to slowly (longer cigars) or quickly (shorter cigars) get the flavor to your mouth.
The ring size of a cigar is measured in 64th of an inch. So a 50 ring size cigar is 50/64” of an inch in diameter. Ring size is another factor that helps a cigar burn quicker or slower. In general, thicker cigars burn slower and cooler than thinner cigars.
WRAPPER, BINDER, and FILLER
Cigars are made up of three components: wrapper, binder, and filler. The wrapper is the outer most leaf . A binder leaf is used to hold in the filler. And the filler is composed of the blend of flavors used in the cigar.
Not all cigars perform the same, but in general a cigar’s wrapper leaf accounts for 60% to 80% of the flavor. Which is why the wrapper leaf is usually the most expensive part of a cigar. Not only are they supposed to look clean but they also receive the greatest amount of time and attention the overall fermentation and aging process.
The binder merely holds in the filler which can be composed of many sorts of different flavors. There are many types of filler leaves, such as seco, olor, volado, and ligero; the latter being the fullest in flavor and strength. These leaves can give the cigar many different unique flavors ranging from sweet, spicy, or even cocoa flavors.
So, for a thicker cigar, there is a higher ratio of binder and filler tobacco which can take away from the overall flavor of the wrapper. Whereas in a thinner cigar, the wrapper accounts for most of the flavor as there is a lower ratio of binder and filler. The best way to learn about this difference is to smoke one blend in a couple of different sizes.
HOW TO SMOKE A CIGAR
There are many ways to smoke a cigar in terms of how it is cut, how it is lit and how long to smoke it. In general, you want a small cut on the foot of the cigar (the side that your mouth will be on) that will just open up the cigar for you. Use a lighter while puffing on the cigar to light it all the way around. As you puff on the cigar slowly rotate it so ensure the whole of it is lit.
Here is a link that is helpful and with plenty of information: How to smoke a cigar
There is a lot of information out there and you can get lost in it. Learn as much as you can or learn as little, just enjoy cigars and relax.
If you have any questions about this, please feel free to contact us and we would love to help you out.